Subject    :    [2017 Aug;41(4)] Depression and Mortality in People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, 2003 to 2013: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study
Writer KDA
Date 2018-12-03 18:22:39 Hit 1,097
Diabetes Metab J. 2017 Aug;41(4):296-302. English.
Published online Aug 03, 2017.  https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2017.41.4.296 
Copyright © 2017 Korean Diabetes Association
   
Depression and Mortality in People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, 2003 to 2013: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study
Jong-Hyun Jeong,1 Yoo Hyun Um,1 Seung-Hyun Ko,2 Jong-Heon Park,3 Joong-Yeol Park,4 Kyungdo Han,5 Kyung-Soo Ko,6 and Task Force Team for Diabetes Fact Sheet of the Korean Diabetes Association
1Department of Psychiatry, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea.
2Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Department of Internal medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea.
3National Health Insurance Service, Wonju, Korea.
4Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
5Department of Biostatistics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
6Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Center, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Corresponding author: Kyung-Soo Ko. Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, 1342 Dongil-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01757, Korea. Email: kskomd@paik.ac.kr 
 
Received December 15, 2016; Accepted May 10, 2017.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



Abstract

Background

Previous reports have demonstrated a bidirectional relationship between depression and diabetes mellitus (DM), accentuating a need for more intensive depression screening in DM patients. There is a relative paucity of data on the mortality of depressed DM patients in Korea.

Methods

Retrospective data from January 2003 to December 2013 were collected for adult type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients older than 30 years using the National Health Information database maintained by the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS). Demographic characteristics were analyzed with descriptive statistics, and the annual prevalence of depression was estimated. Mortality rates and hazard ratios for each age group (stratified into six age groups) of patients diagnosed with T2DM in 2003 were estimated using a Cox proportional hazard method, with the Kaplan-Meier cumulative survival curve showing the overall survival rates according to the T2DM status until the given year of 2013.

Results

The annual prevalence of depression was consistently higher in T2DM group from 2003 to 2013. The mortality hazard ratio was higher in the depressed in all age groups, and the risk was higher in male groups and in younger-aged groups.

Conclusion

Depression was significantly associated with a high mortality risk in T2DM patients; hence, a more systematic surveillance of T2DM patients to identify risk factors for depression might contribute significantly to reducing mortality risk in this group of patients.

   
Keywords:
DepressionDiabetes mellitusMortalityPrognosis

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