Subject    :    [2019 Feb;43(1)] Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Diabetes. Part I: Epidemiology and Diagnosis
Writer KDA
Date 2019-03-06 10:18:44 Hit 94
Diabetes Metab J. 2019 Feb;43(1):31-45. English.
Published online Dec 17, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2019.0011 
Copyright © 2019 Korean Diabetes Association
   
Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Diabetes. Part I: Epidemiology and Diagnosis
Yong-ho Lee,1,2 Yongin Cho,1,2 Byung-Wan Lee,1,2 Cheol-Young Park,3 Dae Ho Lee,4 Bong-Soo Cha,1,2and Eun-Jung Rhee3
1Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Institute of Endocrine Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Internal Medicine, Wonkwang University Hospital, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea.

Corresponding author: Eun-Jung Rhee. Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 29 Saemunan-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03181, Korea. Email: ejrhee.lee@samsung.com 
 
Received January 14, 2019; Accepted February 01, 2019.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

 
Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and diabetes are common metabolic disorders whose prevalence rates are expected to rise worldwide, corresponding to aging and increasingly obese populations. Compared to the general population (around 25%), 50% to 70% of people with diabetes have NAFLD, and NAFLD severity (including fibrosis) tends to be worsened by the presence of diabetes. NAFLD is considered an emerging risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus and a contributor to the development of chronic diabetes-related complications. This reciprocal relationship demonstrates the importance of confirming suspected NAFLD in patients with diabetes. Due to the invasive nature of liver biopsy to assess NAFLD status, various alternative non-invasive modalities have been developed and validated. Here, we summarized the epidemiology of NAFLD in patients with diabetes and reviewed currently available imaging modalities and biomarker-based prediction models for their ability to detect liver steatosis and/or fibrosis.

   
Keywords:
Diabetes mellitusDiagnosisEpidemiologyNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease
 

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