Subject    :    [2019 Apr;43(2)] Associations between Breastfeeding and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Glycemic Control in Parous Women: A Nationwide, Population-Based Study
Writer KDA
Date 2019-04-18 10:34:41 Hit 1,109
LINK URL https://e-dmj.org/search.php?where=aview&id=10.4093/dmj.2018.0044&code=2004DMJ&vmode=FULL (Click 17)
Diabetes Metab J. 2019 Apr;43(2):236-241. English.
Published online Dec 21, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0044 
Copyright © 2019 Korean Diabetes Association
   
Associations between Breastfeeding and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Glycemic Control in Parous Women: A Nationwide, Population-Based Study
Ga Eun Nam,1,* Kyungdo Han,2 Do-Hoon Kim,3 Youn Huh,4 Byoungduck Han,1 Sung Jung Cho,1 Yong Gyu Park,2 and Yong-Moon Park5
1Department of Family Medicine, Sahmyook Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Family Medicine, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Ansan, Korea.
4Department of Family Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.
5Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA.

Corresponding author: Yong-Moon Park. Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, 111 T.W. Alexander Dr, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA, Email: mark.park@nih.gov Corresponding author: Yong Gyu Park. Department of Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul 06591, Korea, Email: ygpark@catholic.ac.kr

 

*Current affiliation: Department of Family Medicine, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
 
Received March 08, 2018; Accepted August 16, 2018.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

 
Abstract

We investigated associations between breastfeeding duration and number of children breastfed and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and glycemic control among parous women. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data for 9,960 parous women from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (2010 to 2013). Having ever breastfed was inversely associated with prevalent T2DM (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 0.60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.42 to 0.87). All ranges of total and average breastfeeding duration showed inverse associations with T2DM. Even short periods of breastfeeding were inversely associated with T2DM (adjusted OR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.38 to 0.99 for a total breastfeeding duration ≤12 months; adjusted OR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.99 for an average breastfeeding duration per child ≤6 months). A longer duration of breastfeeding was associated with better glycemic control in parous women with T2DM (P trend=0.004 for total breastfeeding duration; P trend <0.001 for average breastfeeding duration per child). Breastfeeding may be associated with a lower risk of T2DM and good glycemic control in parous women with T2DM. Breastfeeding may be a feasible method to prevent T2DM and improve glycemic control.

   
Keywords:
Blood glucoseBreast feedingControlDiabetes mellitus, type 2FemaleLactation
 

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