Subject    :    [2016 Dec;40(6)] Investigating Susceptibility to Diabetes Using Features of the Adipose Tissue in Response to In Utero Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Exposure
Writer KDA
Date 2017-01-02 14:25:53 Hit 7,785
Diabetes Metab J. 2016 Dec;40(6):494-508. English.
Published online Aug 12, 2016.  https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2016.40.6.494 
Copyright © 2016 Korean Diabetes Association
   
Investigating Susceptibility to Diabetes Using Features of the Adipose Tissue in Response to In Utero Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Exposure
Worlanyo E. Gato,1 Daniel A. Hunter,1 Shamaya L. Whitby,1 Christopher A. Mays,1 and Wilson Yau2
1Department of Chemistry, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA, USA.
2Department of Pathology, University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine, Athens, GA, USA.

Corresponding author: Worlanyo E. Gato. Department of Chemistry, Georgia Southern University, 1332 Southern Dr, Statesboro, GA 30458, USA. Email: wgato@georgiasouthern.edu 
 
Received March 03, 2016; Accepted July 13, 2016.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



Abstract

Background

In recent times, there has been an increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) particularly in children. Adipocyte dysfunction provide a critical link between obesity and insulin resistance resulting in diabetes outcome. Further, environmental chemical exposure during early years of life might be a significant contributing factor to the increase in the incidence of T2DM. This study tests the idea that exposure to environmental contaminants (2-aminoanthracene [2AA]) in utero will show effects in the adipose tissue (AT) that signify T2DM vulnerability. 2AA is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon found in a variety of products.

Methods

To accomplish the study objective, pregnant dams were fed various amounts of 2AA adulterated diets from gestation through postnatal period. The neonates and older offspring were analyzed for diabetic-like genes in the ATs and analysis of serum glucose. Furthermore, weight monitoring, histopathology and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for CD68 in AT, adipocyte size determination and adiponectin amounts in serum were undertaken.

Results

Up-regulation of adiponectin and interleukin-6 genes were noted in the pups and older rats. Combination of intrauterine 2AA toxicity with moderate high fat diet exhibited gene expression patterns similar to those of the neonates. Elevated serum glucose levels were noted in treated groups. IHC of the AT indicated no significant malformations; however, CD68+ cells were greater in the animals treated to 2AA. Similarly, mean sizes of the adipocytes were larger in treated and combined 2AA and moderate high fat animals. Adiponectin was reduced in 2AA groups.

Conclusion

From the preceding, it appears intrauterine 2AA disturbance, when combined with excess fat accumulation will lead to greater risk for the diabetic condition.

   
Keywords:
Adipocytes; Adiponectin; Diabetes; Gene expression; Interleukin-6; Serum glucose; 2-Anthramine

Articles - Reviews in DMJ
No. Subject Date Hit ↑
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Subjects Affected by Iron-Deficiency Anemia [2019 Aug;43(4)] Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Subjects Affected by Iro... 2019-10-10 239
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Impact of Longitudinal Changes in Metabolic Syndrome Status over 2 Years on 10-Year Incident Diabetes Mellitus [2019 Aug;43(4)] Impact of Longitudinal Changes in Metabolic Syndrom... 2019-10-10 237
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Increased Serum Angiopoietin-Like 6 Ahead of Metabolic Syndrome in a Prospective Cohort Study [2019 Aug;43(4)] Increased Serum Angiopoietin-Like 6 Ahead of Metabo... 2019-10-10 250
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] The Protective Effects of Increasing Serum Uric Acid Level on Development of Metabolic Syndrome [2019 Aug;43(4)] The Protective Effects of Increasing Serum Uric Aci... 2019-10-10 235
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Factors Related to Blood Intact Incretin Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [2019 Aug;43(4)] Factors Related to Blood Intact Incretin Levels in ... 2019-10-10 241
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Diabetes Fact Sheets in Korea, 2018: An Appraisal of Current Status [2019 Aug;43(4)] Diabetes Fact Sheets in Korea, 2018: An Appraisal o... 2019-10-10 226
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Plasma Fetuin-A Levels and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in A Chinese Population: A Nested Case-Control Study [2019 Aug;43(4)] Plasma Fetuin-A Levels and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes ... 2019-10-10 237
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Lower Leg Fat Depots Are Associated with Albuminuria Independently of Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and Metabolic Syndrome (Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2008 to 2011) [2019 Aug;43(4)] Lower Leg Fat Depots Are Associated with Albuminuri... 2019-10-10 246
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Association between Serum Selenium Level and the Presence of Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies [2019 Aug;43(4)] Association between Serum Selenium Level and the Pr... 2019-10-10 238
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Effectiveness and Safety of Adding Basal Insulin Glargine in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Exhibiting Inadequate Response to Metformin and DPP-4 Inhibitors with or without Sulfonylurea [2019 Aug;43(4)] Effectiveness and Safety of Adding Basal Insulin Gl... 2019-10-10 230
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Additional Effect of Dietary Fiber in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Using Metformin and Sulfonylurea: An Open-Label, Pilot Trial [2019 Aug;43(4)] Additional Effect of Dietary Fiber in Patients with... 2019-10-10 237
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Asian Subpopulations May Exhibit Greater Cardiovascular Benefit from Long-Acting Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Receptor Agonists: A Meta-Analysis of Cardiovascular Outcome Trials [2019 Aug;43(4)] Asian Subpopulations May Exhibit Greater Cardiovasc... 2019-10-10 231
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] 2019 Clinical Practice Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Korea [2019 Aug;43(4)] 2019 Clinical Practice Guidelines for Type 2 Diabet... 2019-10-10 234
Notice : [2019 Aug;43(4)] Continuous Glucose Monitoring Sensors for Diabetes Management: A Review of Technologies and Applications [2019 Aug;43(4)] Continuous Glucose Monitoring Sensors for Diabetes ... 2019-10-10 235
Notice : [2019 June;43(3)] Serum R-Spondin 1 Is a New Surrogate Marker for Obesity and Insulin Resistance [2019 June;43(3)] Serum R-Spondin 1 Is a New Surrogate Marker for Ob... 2019-06-28 1,479
Notice : [2019 June;43(3)] Association of Visit-to-Visit Variability of Blood Pressure with Cardiovascular Disease among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Cohort Study [2019 June;43(3)] Association of Visit-to-Visit Variability of Blood... 2019-06-28 1,630
Notice : [2019 June;43(3)]  Oral Glucose Tolerance Testing Allows Better Prediction of Diabetes in Women with a History of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus [2019 June;43(3)] Oral Glucose Tolerance Testing Allows Better Pred... 2019-06-28 1,478
Notice : [2019 June;43(3)] Diabetes Mellitus and Cause-Specific Mortality: A Population-Based Study [2019 June;43(3)] Diabetes Mellitus and Cause-Specific Mortality: A ... 2019-06-28 1,476
Notice : [2019 June;43(3)]  Effectiveness of Exercise Intervention in Reducing Body Weight and Glycosylated Hemoglobin Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Korea: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis [2019 June;43(3)] Effectiveness of Exercise Intervention in Reducin... 2019-06-28 1,423
Notice : [2019 June;43(3)] Acarbose Add-on Therapy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Metformin and Sitagliptin Failure: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study [2019 June;43(3)] Acarbose Add-on Therapy in Patients with Type 2 Di... 2019-06-28 1,843
Notice : [2019 June;43(3)] Efficacy and Safety of Voglibose Plus Metformin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomized Controlled Trial [2019 June;43(3)] Efficacy and Safety of Voglibose Plus Metformin in... 2019-06-28 1,433
Notice : [2019 June;43(3)] Understanding Bile Acid Signaling in Diabetes: From Pathophysiology to Therapeutic Targets [2019 June;43(3)] Understanding Bile Acid Signaling in Diabetes: Fro... 2019-06-28 1,417
Notice : [2019 June;43(3)] Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Adipocytes as a Primary Cause of Adipose Tissue Inflammation [2019 June;43(3)] Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Adipocytes as a Prima... 2019-06-18 1,695
272 [2017 Feb;41(1)] Practical Focus on American Diabetes Association/Eu... 2017-03-23 8,191
271 [2017 Feb;41(1)] Serum Calcium and the Risk of Incident Metabolic Sy... 2017-03-23 8,148
270 [2017 Feb;41(1)] Nuclear Receptors Resolve Endoplasmic Reticulum Str... 2017-03-23 8,070
269 [2016 Dec;40(6)] Investigating Susceptibility to Diabetes Using Feat... 2017-01-02 7,785
268 [2017 Feb;41(1)] Exenatide versus Insulin Lispro Added to Basal Insu... 2017-03-23 7,615
267 [2016 Dec;40(6)] Baseline-Corrected QT (QTc) Interval Is Associate... 2017-01-02 7,551
266 [2016 Dec;40(6)] Risk Factors for the Development and Progression of... 2017-01-02 7,533
265 [2016 Dec;40(6)] Clinical Course and Risk Factors of Diabetic Retino... 2017-01-02 7,249
264 [2016 Dec;40(6)] Metabolic Surgery for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Exp... 2017-01-02 7,060
263 [2016 Dec;40(6)] Factors Associated with Participation in Diabetes E... 2017-01-02 6,910

목록

Gets the previous 5 pages.   Go to previous page.  1   2   [3]   4   5     Go to next page. Gets the next  5 pages.